Icon of Saint Bartholomew, Apostle (Nathaniel) (Corfu, 1570) (Michael Damaskinos) – S59

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Description

Saint Bartholomew was one of the Twelve Holy Apostles chosen and sent by Christ to enlighten and convert the whole world.  The name Bartholomew is from the Aramaic “bar-Tolmay,” meaning “son of Tolmay [Ptolemy], ” or “son of the furrows,” or “ploughman.”  This name is mentioned in three of the Gospels, but in Saint John’s Gospel, the same Apostle is called Nathanael, according to Christ, “in whom there is no guile” (John 1:47).  Bartholomew may therefore be a family name, not a first name.

Saint Bartholomew was sent after Pentecost to preach the Gospel with the Apostle Philip first in Syria and Asia Minor, then in Lydia and Mysia, and then in Phrygia.  Together with the Apostle John they killed a great serpent in Hierapolis, Phrygia by their prayers.  After Saint John left, they continued in Hierapolis, converted the wife of the governor, and then these two Apostles were crucified upside down, where Saint Philip gave up his spirit.  Saint Bartholomew was taken down alive from his cross, later preaching in India and in Armenia, where he finally died a martyr’s death in the Vaspurakan Province of Greater Armenia.

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Additional information

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Heritage

Cretan

Church Feast Day 1

11-Jun

Church Feast Day 2

25-Aug

Style

Egg Tempera

Location

Byzantine Museum, Athens, Greece

Iconographer

Damaskinos, Michael

Date

1570