Icon of Saint Constantine the Great (Protaton, Mt. Athos, 14th c.) – S373

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Description

This icon of Saint Constantine the Great (a.d. 272-337) shows him standing  in his imperial robes, holding a cross as his scepter of rulership.  Saint Constantine’s mother, Saint Helen, was the consort of the Emperor Constantius (who ruled from a.d. 293 to 306).  Saint Constantine  was a pagan Emperor of Rome, but set out to restore peace and order when his fellow pagan Emperor Maxentios was tyrannizing much of the western empire.

Just before his battle with Maxentios’ superior forces, Constantine beheld in broad daylight a shining cross on which were inscribed the words, “In this sign, conquer!”  He ordered replicas of this cross to lead before his army, and Maxentios was defeated in a.d. 312, leaving Constantine as the sole Emperor of Rome united.  Saint Constantine signed the Edict of Milan in a.d. 313, which stopped the fierce persecution of Christians which was going on under Diocletian.  He moved the seat of the Roman Empire to New Rome, or Constantinople, in a.d. 325 and chaired the First Ecumenical Council in the same year.  He met and admired Saint Nicholas of Myra in Lycia.  Saint Constantine died in a.d. 337.

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Additional information

Weight N/A
Dimensions N/A
Style

Fresco

Heritage

Byzantine

Church Feast Day 1

21-May

Location

Protaton Church, Karyes, Mt. Athos, Greece

Date

14th c. (Early)

Iconographer

Panselinos, Manuel

School

Macedonian